Neurological impacts of music

A new paper has been published reviewing the psychoneuroimmunology of music. The paper examines sixty-three studies published over the past 22 years, exploring a range of effects of music on neurotransmitters, hormones, cytokines, lymphocytes, vital signs and immunoglobulins as well as psychological assessments. The paper by Daisy Fancourt, Adam Ockleford and Abi Belai, notes that much research often fails to make distinctions between different kinds of stress and that terms such as ‘music’ are often used to encompass a broad spectrum of activities without determining which aspects of musical engagement are responsible for alterations in health.

The paper offers a new model to suggest a framework for developing a taxonomy of musical and stress-related variables in research design, and tracing the broad pathways that are involved in its influence on the body.